Hawai'i Coral Reef Network

Fishes of Hawai'i 

Family Mullidae - goatfishes

Parupeneus bifasciatus - Doublebar goatfish - Munu wav.gif (916 bytes)

Description: two dark vertical bars, one under each dorsal; barbles under mouth
Size: to 33 cm
Habitat: swims close to the bottom, can be in very shallow waters, feeds mostly at night
Diet: carnivore: crabs, shrimps and other crustaceans, as well as, fishes and polychaetes

Parupeneus porphyreus - Whitesaddle goatfish - Kümü wav.gif (916 bytes)

Description: red to greenish, deep bodied, white saddle immediately behind soft dorsal, followed by dark saddle
Size: to 37 cm
Habitat: juveniles found at shallow reef depth, adults range down to 460 ft
Diet: carnivore: primarily on crabs, shrimps, foraminifera and amphipods

Parupeneus multifasciatus - Manybar goatfish - Moano wav.gif (916 bytes)

Description: vertical black bar between the two dorsal fins, many blackish vertical bars
Size: to 28 cm in males
Habitat: found near bottom, usually shallow areas but can range to 450 feet
Diet: carnivore: primarily shrimps, crabs, fishes, fish eggs

Mulloidichthys flavolineatus - Yellowstripe goatfish - Weke wav.gif (916 bytes)

Description: thin whitish fish with yellow horizontal stripe with black spot under 1st dorsal
Size: to 40 cm; usually smaller
Habitat: can school, but usually found in pairs; found hovering over the bottom or feeding in the sand
Diet: carnivore: small crabs, shrimps, worms, gastropods, fishes, urchins.

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis - Yellowfin goatfish - Weke wav.gif (916 bytes)

Description: thin white fish with yellow horizontal stripe without black spot under dorsal fin
Size: to 37 cm
Habitat: aggregates by day, but usually solitary at night while feeding; can be found in deeper waters
Diet: carnivore: small crustaceans, echinoderms, mollusks, fishes and worms

Last update: 1/25/2005